When it comes time to buy a home, a good credit score boosts your chances of getting a mortgage because it shows lenders or mortgage companies that you are likely to pay a loan on time. Thus, having a bad credit score can be a massive barrier towards homeownership. This is why understanding and managing your credit score has always been important. There are quite a few harmful myths or misconceptions surrounding it that many prospective borrowers believe.
Myth #1: Checking your credit score frequently will hurt or lower your credit.
What’s true: Only “hard” inquiries or hard checks can ding your score a few points, but not if you check on your own, which is considered a “soft” check.
Hard checks generally occur when you authorize a lender or a company to check your credit, especially if you apply for a mortgage or credit card. This kind of inquiry can have a temporary negative effect on your credit score.
On the other hand, soft inquiries don’t have any effect on your score at all. This is when you check your credit score and credit report on your own from the three major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, TransUnion). It is recommended that you monitor your credit score over time through routine checks to help you track your progress when building credit, and to catch any problems before they get out of hand.
You can now easily check your credit score on annualcreditreport.com, or with most card issuers.
Myth #2: Closing an old credit card will improve your credit history.
What’s true: Closing a credit card is more likely to hurt your credit score than to improve it, especially if you close the card with a balance.
Remember that a percentage of your score comes from the length of your credit history, so if you close a card that you had for some time, your score could be adversely affected. The longer you’ve responsibly used a particular credit card, the better effect it will have on your credit score. So just leave your accounts open, especially if they’re in good standing and the card has no annual fee.
Myth #3: Carrying a balance on your credit card will improve your credit score.
What’s true: The only thing a running balance on your credit card increases is the interest you owe and certainly not your credit score. In fact, it only has the potential to lower your score and it will end up becoming a waste of money since you need to pay interest over time.
This is because any lingering balances on your account directly affect your credit card utilization rate. And the higher your credit card balance, the higher your utilization rate, which can, in turn, hurt your credit score.
Myth #4: Getting married will merge your credit scores.
What’s true: Even after you tie the knot, you and your spouse remain to be two individual entities with separate credit scores and credit histories. So just because you marry someone with a good credit doesn’t mean that your credit score will automatically improve. Likewise, marrying someone with bad credit won’t adversely affect you.
However, when you fill out a joint application for a mortgage, each of your credit scores is checked and taken into consideration by lenders. So if one of you doesn’t have a good score, it could be an issue.
Myth #5: Having a good income automatically means a good credit score.
What’s true: Your income does not directly affect your credit score. Also, it is never included on credit reports so it can’t impact your score.
FICO scores are influenced by five differently weighted factors, including payment history (35%), amount owed (30%), length of credit history (15%), new credit (10%), and credit mix (10%). Having a great job with a good salary can help you improve your finances. But your credit score is based on how you have managed credit in the past, and if you have a bad history of managing your credit, then a good income won’t help you fix that.
If you’re applying for a mortgage, lenders will assess your earnings and your credit score as two separate pieces, before approving you for a loan.
So no matter how much money you have or how much you’re earning, making on-time payments on any outstanding accounts is the best thing you can do to improve your credit score.